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NR By County Test

Buffalo

 

Brian Beadles
Historic Preservation Specialist
(307) 777-8594

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  • Blue Gables Motel

     

     
     

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    More information coming soon.

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    Date Added to Register:
    Coming soon
     
    Location:
    Buffalo
     
    County:
    Johnson County
     
    Smithsonian Number: 
    Coming soon   

     

  • Buffalo Main Post Office

     

     
     

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    This thematic study includes twelve post offices owned and administered by the U.S. Postal Service (USPS) throughout the State of Wyoming. These include the Basin, Greybull, Douglas, Lander, Torrington, Thermopolis, Buffalo, Kemmerer, Powell, Yellowstone, Evanston, and Newcastle Main Post Offices. The buildings represent a continuum of federally constructed post offices allocated to the state between the turn of the century and 1941. The buildings exhibit a variety of styles and sizes but maintain a common demeanor representative of the federal presence. All of the buildings were constructed from standardized plans developed from guidelines provided by the Office of the Supervising Architect in the Treasury Department. Variations in design styles reflect both the transition in the design philosophies of the Supervising Architect and the requirements developed in response to the Depression. These variations in design, as well as functions are also somewhat related to the communities in which they were placed and reflect the economic, political, and governmental context of those communities.

     
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    Date Added to Register:
    Wednesday, January 01, 2003
     
    Location:
    Buffalo
     
    County:
    Johnson County
     
    Smithsonian Number: 
    48JO245  

     

  • Buffalo Main Street Historic District

     

     
     

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    The Buffalo Main Street Historic District contains historically significant buildings primarily dating from 1900 to 1932. This one and a half block district extends diagonally along Main Street at the heart of the larger commercial area. It is divided midway in the block between Fetterman Street and Fort Street on the north. Clear Creek, originally the impetus for locating Buffalo at this site runs under Main Street just south of this boundary. Angus Street serves as the southern boundary. Buffalo's buildings are typical of other commercial structures constructed in Wyoming and the West during the same period, and are representative of the cattle industry's recovery from weather, political battles of the 1880s and 1890s, and the trend for growth experienced at the turn of the century. Facade details represent a simple stylistic approach to commercial design. Most of the buildings are constructed of brick, a few are stone, and some have been stuccoed. The buildings in the Buffalo Main Street Historic District represent a prosperous commercial area supported by the agricultural base of the upper Powder River Basin in northern Wyoming.

     
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    Date Added to Register:
    Thursday, April 12, 1984
     
    Location:
    Buffalo
     
    County:
    Johnson County
     
    Smithsonian Number: 
    48JO1079  

     

  • Carnegie Public Library

     

     
     

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    The Johnson County Library Building is situated on the northwest corner of the County Courthouse grounds. It was built in 1909 of native stone. It is a fine example of the Neoclassical style of architecture. On January 28, 1909, the local newspaper of Buffalo reported that Judge Parmalee had returned from visiting libraries in Cheyenne and Laramie, Wyoming. He said that Andrew Carnegie had agreed to provide $12,500 for erection of a library building in Buffalo, if the County would furnish the site and $1,250 a year for maintenance. Citizens of Johnson County agreed, and a portion of the Courthouse grounds was donated by the County Commissioners upon which to build the library.

     
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    Date Added to Register:
    Sunday, November 07, 1976
     
    Location:
    Buffalo
     
    County:
    Johnson County
     
    Smithsonian Number: 
    48JO101  

     

  • Holland House

     

     
     

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    The Holland House, constructed in 1883 along the town's main street by successful rancher William H. Holland, was one of the first brick residences built in Buffalo, Wyoming and is a good example of a late Victorian vernacular brick house. The house is significant for its association with the settlement of the town of Buffalo and because of its association with the lives of the Holland family who were active participants in local government during both the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

     
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    Date Added to Register:
    Thursday, November 04, 1993
     
    Location:
    Buffalo
     
    County:
    Johnson County
     
    Smithsonian Number: 
    48JO1486  

     

  • Johnson County Court House

     

     
     

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    The Johnson County Court House, constructed in 1884, is a good example of the Italianate style of architecture. Many of the early photographs of Buffalo, Wyoming, show the Johnson County Court House, a beautiful two-story red brick building, towering over ox teams on a muddy Main Street. This is one of the oldest structures standing in the state of Wyoming, was the sixth county courthouse to be built, and is the second oldest courthouse in Wyoming retaining its original character and still used as originally designed.

     
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    Date Added to Register:
    Sunday, November 07, 1976
     
    Location:
    Buffalo
     
    County:
    Johnson County
     
    Smithsonian Number: 
    48JO100  

     

  • Methodist Episcopal Church

     

     
     

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    The cornerstone of the Methodist Episcopal Church, also known as the First United Methodist Church, was laid August 17, 1898, and placed within the stone were a Bible, a hymnal, a copy of the Church Discipline, several church papers, and some coins. The church was dedicated on May 28, 1899, having been built by Pastor E. J. Robinson and members of the congregation. The ornamental features and details of the exterior combine with an especially functional plan of the interior to provide beauty, comfort, and convenience for the worshipper. The interior of the church follows the Akron plan, which typifies many Methodist churches in the West. The emphasis in this plan, developed in Akron, Ohio, is on good acoustics, sight lines, and flexibility, along with the focus on the pulpit and communion table. The elevated platform for preaching is placed in the corner of the audience room, with the seating in circular pattern. The plan was originated and developed between 1879 and 1885 by George Washington Kramer, upon the suggestion of the father-in-law of Thomas A. Edison.

     
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    Date Added to Register:
    Monday, September 13, 1976
     
    Location:
    Buffalo
     
    County:
    Johnson County
     
    Smithsonian Number: 
    48JO98  

     

  • St. Luke's Episcopal Church

     

     
     

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    St. Luke's Episcopal Church was built in 1889 of red brick, in the Gothic Revival style of architecture. The church displays many noteworthy architectural features, and is considered one of the best examples of the Gothic Revival architectural style in the state of Wyoming. The interior plan, with a small narthex, long narrow nave, chancel elevated by two steps, sanctuary elevated by two more steps, typifies the plans of small Episcopal churches throughout the country. The cornerstone was laid in 1889 by the Masonic Lodge of Buffalo. The builder, Thomas Hutton, used red brick made by the Curran brothers in their brickyard on the west side of town.

     
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    Date Added to Register:
    Sunday, November 07, 1976
     
    Location:
    Buffalo
     
    County:
    Johnson County
     
    Smithsonian Number: 
    48JO99  

     

  • Union Congregational Church

     

     
     

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    The Union Congregational Church, one of the first two churches established in northern Wyoming Territory and the first church in Buffalo, was incorporated in 1884, the same year the town of Buffalo was chartered. Situated on the top of a steep hill, the church was a plain, gable-roofed, rectangular, frame structure. The members of the church had constructed a building large enough to hold 200 people and to serve as a center for religious and social activities. Besides religious services, this structure housed dramatic production, concerts by local talent, old-fashioned spelling bees, and other gatherings. The present configuration of the church is the result of a remarkable plan formulated by the Reverend Charles Gray Miller and put into effect in 1911-1912 to enlarge the church. A basement was constructed on the lower slope of the hill to the west and the church was moved onto it. The parsonage, which was built in 1910, is just northwest of the church and on a level with the west side of the basement.

     
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    Date Added to Register:
    Thursday, February 07, 1985
     
    Location:
    Buffalo
     
    County:
    Johnson County
     
    Smithsonian Number: 
    48JO915  

     

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